Funded by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) a new study from FXFOWLE shows that it is viable to design high-rise residential buildings in New York City to the Passive House Standard—a standard based on the concept of using simple, direct and primarily architectural solutions to create ultra-low energy buildings.
Highly energy-efficient and resilient buildings are crucial to the success of cities. As populations grow and cities become larger and denser, problems related to energy inefficiency are magnified and threaten urban sustainability.
Passive House is a standard for energy efficient buildings that results in energy reductions for heating and cooling of approximately 70%-90% compared to typical buildings (BEEX, 2015).
FXFOWLE led research to evaluate the applicability of the Passive House standard to tall residential buildings in one of the densest cities in North America, New York City. The goal of the study was to investigate cutting-edge, energy-efficiency practices to translate the Passive House standard from its European origins to the New York market, and to influence local housing policy towards more ambitious energy and greenhouse gas reduction targets.
The study is based on a particular mixed-use building design, however, common approaches are identified that can be used to apply Passive House to a broad range of high-rise residential building designs. It also addresses an industry-wide lack of familiarity with Passive House and dispels misperceptions about its applicability.